Would you like to know what it was like to have lived behind the Berlin Wall? If you want to experience a film version of East Germany, you could watch one of these movies:
Alfred Hitchcock’s thriller, Torn Curtain (Der zerrissene Vorhang) from 1966. Julie Andrews & Paul Newman are the stars. Can you imagine Mary Poppins behind the Iron Curtain? Just kidding. Andrews plays a very normal sort of woman whose professor boyfriend (Newman) defects to East Germany. Very interesting…
Night Crossing (Mit dem Wind nach Westen), a Disney movie from 1982 based on a true story of two families secretly making a hot air balloon to cross the forbidden border. I mistakenly thought that, because it was a Disney movie from the early ’80s, it would be appropriate for children. Well, it wasn’t bad, but there are a few scenes which were too intense for our TV-less 7- and 9-year-old girls. Still, we felt like this movie was a good introduction to a major part of the not-so-distance history of the area in which we now live. (If I remember correctly, the actual balloon is now on display at Berlin’s Checkpoint Charlie Museum.)
Definitely NOT for children is Das Leben der Anderen (The Lives of Others). An excellent, Oscar-winning, German movie from 2006, it is nonetheless really rough to watch and is only for “mature” audiences. This movie gives one a very good idea about how things were in the DDR (Deutsche Demokratische Republic; GDR: German Democratic Republic) where no one, not even one’s own spouse or child, could be trusted. Spies, distrust, power play, secrets…not for the faint of heart.
Good Bye Lenin! (2003) is a comedic look at the dramatic events surrounding the end of the GDR. Recommended, although not for children.
Mrs. Ratcliffe’s Revolution: a British comedy drama from 2007, and Sonnenallee: a German comedy drama from 1999. I would not rate these films as highly as the above-mentioned, but they still provide interesting perspectives. Again, not for the kiddos.
This morning our church service was a time of thanksgiving and rememberance. We celebrated the fact that 25 years ago on this day the Berlin Wall “fell”. I was only 13, an ignorant American “middle schooler” at the time, so I had nothing to add to the memory sharing. On the 9th of November, 1989, I think I watched the news; I have vague memories of Reagan, Gorbachev, the Brandenburg Gate, the masses of people at the wall…, but it was not something that impacted me personally. Then.
Today, however, living in the former East Germany (GDR/DDR), I am extremely thankful for the peaceful revolution that took place 25 years ago. I am thankful for the many Christians and churches in East Germany who prayed and peacefully demonstrated. I am thankful that God answered their prayers. (You can read about some of those stories in Philip Yancey’s book, What’s So Amazing About Grace.) I am thankful that my husband, who grew up so close to the Berlin Wall that he often had tanks from the American Sector driving down the street in front of his house, did not have to fear for long when the uncertain news arrived that the Wall was open. It was indeed a peaceful event.
This morning, we sat in the sanctuary together–former East Germans, former West Germans, Polish and American citizens–all current residents of the former DDR/GDR, worshipping ONE God in a unified country. Thanks be to God! No, I did not experience living in East Germany, behind a guarded border, trapped by my own country. But now, living among those who did, I celebrate with them the freedom and peace that began 25 years ago today.
If you’ve ever read a Charles Dickens’s novel, then you know who they were. Three men:
the tall, lanky one with a light-hearted disposition…possibly due to a lighter than average brain?
the gruff, garrulous man who stands proud and talks too loud
the sad, short fellow who’s grown old before his time
The three stood there in the uneven, brick courtyard, watching us as if we were the circus come to town. True, we were hauling a rather large, rundown circus-like wagon (I think it was military, actually). And now and then we probably spoke some nonsensical language. But we were equally amused by this trio, staring for all the world like they had never heard it’s supposed to be rude.
Perhaps I stared rudely as well, for the memory of them still makes me chuckle. I felt I had stepped into 19th Century London and would soon meet Oliver or David Copperfield running around the corner. These three were certainly not the main characters but definitely among the intriguing cast with names befitting their personalities or idiosyncracies.
Later, we learned to know these real men only slightly better, but even such trivial knowledge is essential when choosing a name. The long, skinny one was simple, but jovial. He looked out for his buddies in honest friendship, and one could see he had a compassionate heart. I suppose as Dickens I would have called him something like Hartley Goode.
The one who seemed most together on first glance was the hunter in his dark green felt hat and coat. At least, he continued wearing his formal German hunter’s attire although he had most certainly been stripped of any rights to actually own a gun anymore. He spoke formally, but with much ado about nothing. He patronized his companions. He played the chivalrous gallant, but he was obviously a cad. I think I am a forgiving soul, but when I see someone taking a dump in my vegetable patch, I begin to think ill of him. Therefore, Herr Hunter, I dub thee Sir Ludwig Filtherton.
And last but not least, I would call our neighbor and fellow tenant (the only one whose real name I actually still know) Aldwin Underweather. The poor soul. He, too, had a kindness, a goodness, a gentleness about him as his friend, Hartley Goode. They all drank too much; they were all alcoholics, but he was trapped so deeply in his addiction that he looked like hopelessness. As I remember the story we were told…ever since The Wall came down, he had been unemployed. He was still a young man–not much older than Ange and me, but he looked decades older.
Some law in Germany states that when an occupied building changes hands, the new owner has no right to ask the current residents to leave. This makes some sense, but the crazy thing was that the two people still renting apartments on the property my in-laws bought were still paying East German rent! I think it was something ridiculous like 20 bucks a month! Lucky for them.
Well, when Ange and I started renovating one of the apartments in the newly purchased, old building, we soon learned to hold our breath when walking past Aldwin Underweather’s small rooms. His apartment, beneath the one we renovated, reeked of beer, filth, and B.O. I sometimes worried that he would leave a candle lit and burn the house down, but mostly we felt sorry for the guy. Except when we couldn’t help but laugh at him.
Like the time he came home drunk, couldn’t manage to fit his key in the door, so instead tried to run up a plank to his window with running commentary. We were courteous enough not to peek out the window, but we sure did snicker under our covers in our bedroom just above his window. I’m sure the sight must have been Charlie Chaplinesque.
Then one day he came to our apartment, afraid. He was obviously hallucinating. We tried to help him. His family (yes, he did have family in town) tried to help him, too. He spent a short amount of time in a clinic to dry out, but that sadly did not last. Eventually, he did move out.
We even see him now and then at the next village’s grocery store. A bag of empty brown bottles to return for “Pfand” (the deposit). A new crate to take home. He looks so old, so old. I’m surprised he’s still alive. I don’t know what happened to his friends. But he is still around. Still an old man, as he was ten years ago when he was young. He’s used up, worn out… Someone has paid the price for him. I wish he could see that and be renewed. Then, he would be given a new name; I wonder what it would be?
Three challenges greeted me in my new life in Germany.
One, communication. (However, I must mention that I had a much better time of it than many foreigners, considering the fact that I had and have a live-in translator! What a blessing! Especially when it comes time to fill out government documents. Yikes.) (Challenge: in continual state of improvement.)
Two, cold floors.
Three, the cold shoulder.
In the United States of America, I was accustomed to carpeted floors and central heating. In Germany, I soon developed a major problem I had only experienced one other time in my life: during a few cold months in the Loire Valley of France when I was in high school. How strange, that Europe can change one’s toes so drastically. Yet, there it was. My poor little toes were dying.
Apparently, my extremities need to stay warm. I have a serious case of Raynauds’ Syndrome so my digits don’t dig a big drop in the mercury. The problem was that I did not know I was suffering from Raynaud’s so I did not know how to prevent it. Now that I know, I have to try to keep my tootsies (and fingers, to a lesser extent) from becoming too cold. If once they suffer, oooh, do they itch and burn. If it gets to bad, it really hurts. If–as was the case before I knew what my problem was–my toes remain too cold for too long, the tips start to turn purple, blue, black…bad news.
In both France and Germany, I spent a lot of time on wood or tile floors, sometimes with an unheated storey of the house beneath them. In both places, a person was most comfortable wearing many woolly layers and even a hat to stay warm–indoors. In Germany, the house then was, as ours is now, heated by stoves fueled by wood. This makes for a lovely atmosphere, but that lovely atmosphere is quite confined to a small radius near the blessed heat source.
My Floridian grandparents have a German neighbor who was appalled to hear reports of a German abode without an indoor toilet. True, most Germans have very modern, often luxurious bathrooms in their (often quite modern and luxurious) homes. My in-laws happened to lead a different lifestyle in which an indoor bathroom had not yet become priority. So…although their hospitality was warmly welcoming, during the cold months we lived with them, I grew to greatly appreciate indoor toilets and showers. (Oh, how I adore a hot shower. A good shower will most likely be a post theme one day. That’s how much I love them.)
Now, I’ve always been a girl who lives fairly simply…not being terribly high-maintenance, not requiring much luxury. I soon realized, however, my pioneer spirit was not as real as my romanticized view of an old-fashioned life. I opted for a bucket in our upstairs bedroom to avoid night-time trips in the snow or rain or freeze to go to the bathroom. The positive side of the outhouse was the plastic seat; it warmed up quickly. The less pleasant aspect was fiddling for matches and trying to light a candle in the dark. That and, of course, a person’s strongest sense in that dark place being the olfactory one.
At any rate, roughing it was good for me. The only real problem was that my toes took a turn for the worse. This, however, familiarized me with the most-excellent German health care system right off the bat and reconfirmed how brilliant my husband is at coming up with solutions. Heated insoles! To be fair, I don’t use them like I should, but he did come up with the salvation for my poor tootsies. (Challenge: under control.)
I mentioned before that relationships were not a problem, but that is not entirely true. The relationships we already had were indeed fine and dandy. Meeting new people and making new friends proved to be a challenge, my third big challenge.
I went to a small, Christian, liberal arts college in Kentucky where we greeted each other with hugs. I went to a big, southern university where each year the students celebrated “Hey Day”. “Hey!” was a friendly greeting shouted out to someone as you passed on the sidewalk, not an exclamation like, “Hey! Get off of my toe!” More like, “Hey, ol’ pal!” Yet, a person did not even need to know the other’s name to smile and yell, “Hey!” We were just so friendly, you know. Perfect strangers greeted each other with big grins just to show kindness and solidarity with humanity, I suppose.
Willkommen in “Dunkel Deutschland”. Welcome to “Dark Germany”, as our friends from a different area of the country once called our particular “state” of Germany. One thing a person quickly notices driving the local streets is that almost every yard has a wall or fence, and almost all windows are covered by these firm blinds that roll out from the ceiling. Why such privacy? Well, consider the history. Former East Germany. The DDR (GDR). Neighbors were encouraged to spy on each other (not to mention family members on their families). And before that this was prime Hitler territory. Distrust, anyone?
I arrived in the former East with a smile, a cheery wave, a hospitable “Hallo!” (I soon realized I couldn’t say “Guten Tag” with just the right emphasis so I stuck with the fairly universal “hallo” instead.) My jovial salutations and matching expressions in Brandenburg met with the cold shoulder. No response. At times, not even eye contact. What I found to be worse, though, was when they initiated direct eye contact with no communication to follow and then just went on their way as if nothing had happened. Sometimes Ange and I would be walking down the dirt road behind our property, approach another couple out for a stroll, smile and greet them, know they heard us, know they saw us, and receive absolutely no recognition that we encountered them. How bizarre.
What I find most tragic in this whole cold shoulder syndrome is that I’m succumbing to it! I, who once smiled at everyone I passed on the street, do not do so anymore. I notice it most of all when we return to the States. My manners, my hospitable southern charm, even my basic human friendliness thaw a bit, but they seem somehow incapacitated.
I know, however, that not every foreigner is as weak as I. A dear friend from England had such a charismatic, bright personality that she managed to make friends with all the service people at the mall near the Autobahn. It is possible to retain one’s good-natured attitude. Am I so easily swayed? Do I become all things to all people out of respect for their customs? To fit in better? To avoid ridicule? Because I’m lazy? Because I’m a chameleon? Because my own personality is not particularly strong, making me something of a reed swayed by every passing wind? I didn’t even notice it was happening until I had changed.
One aspect about living in Germany that makes it difficult to exude surface-level friendliness is a culture of formal and informal relationships. As in French, with the formal Vous and informal tu, German makes use of two forms of you depending on whether one is speaking with someone in a familiar fashion (the informal du) or on a professional level (the formal Sie). I am not very good at being polite here. One of my first big mistakes was saying du to our postman. He promptly responded by addressing me with a very emphatic Sie. I do wonder how many people I have offended.
This formality may have its place, but I find it stifling. Do you know how long it takes before one feels like she can ask a slightly personal question? Even asking, “What do you do for a living?” seems too personal. When I taught at a German school, I did not learn any of my fellow teachers’ first names until I had been working with them for over a month.
Still, after years of living here, I can honestly say that Germans can be friendly, and some don’t even mind if I rudely push immediately into using the informal. I’ve come to simply begin a conversation with, “My name is Cara. Oh…is it okay if we use ‘du’?” I guess I’ve decided I’d rather be considered a rude American than lose time I could be getting to know someone.
And the people in the town have either come to accept us or realized we’re not going anywhere. Most respond in some fashion now when greeted, but–sadly–I sometimes don’t really acknowledge a passerby…because it appears to not be culturally necessary.
Talking with other Germans who have moved to this area from other parts of the country, the concensus is clear: our little portion of this varied land is fairly unique in its (at least surface-level) unfriendliness. Very friendly people live here, too. It just takes longer to find them…after a long season of “Sie” and “business only” talk. I suppose I need to be patient. After all, the Wall came down in my lifetime. I’m thankful it’s just the cold shoulder and not the Cold War we’re dealing with now. (Challenge: Hey, du! How about some cold ice cream with a friend who’s determined to thaw a shoulder or two?)
(An aside…before I continue with the three challenges in my “new” life…)
This is what Europe looks like, right?
Growing up, I always had a longing to go to Europe. The fairy tales, the castles, the misty green landscape, Shakespeare, the romantic accents…all enticed me. However, Germany, though certainly a country in Europe, never intrigued me much. Before visiting Germany for the first time my main associations with this country were the following:
more beer, served by buxom beer maids
Lederhosen (short leather pants with H-shaped suspenders worn by yodelling sorts)
Nazis, Hitler, concentration camps, WWI, WWII, and other evils
an unelegant language
That’s about it. The only thing I liked on the list were Birkenstocks.
Well, I have learned a few things since moving to Germany:
Love of beer is not a prerequisite to living here (although a water fountain or a simple glass of tap water is harder to come by in public places than I’d like).
I have never been forced to attend Oktoberfest (a world-renowned party that actually begins in September), which I assume is why I have managed to avoid buxom beer maids.
I have never knowingly met a person wearing Lederhosen (although a local grocery store currently has an advertisement for a pair for only 80 Euros! Is that a good deal?).
One can develop an affinity for sausage–if one does not dwell on origins and details of production.
Unfortunately, history cannot be reversed and corrected, and evil still exists–and will continue to threaten till the Lion and Lamb can coexist in peace. Until then, Nazis and Punks (sometimes only physically distinguishable by the color of their shoelaces) duke it out on the streets. Hitler is dead, but concentration camps are a stark reminder of the horrors he and his followers unleashed on innocent victims (lest we forget). The World Wars have left their marks all over this land in bombed-out ruins and haunting memorials. And again, we must remember so we can try to keep such hatred, such evil, from becoming so powerful. (Last year, Ange and I watched a documentary of Hitler’s secretary reminiscing. It seems she and others involved were extremely ignorant and blinded to the evil they were perpetrating–not only on those they fought against, but also on their own countrymen and women–in delusional world Hitler concocted. I am thankful for the Berlin Jewish Museum and Holocaust Memorial, places that attempt to show the madness and confusion of the tragedy through their architecture and form while educating us about the historical facts.)
(Please, see my “Schneckenhaus: Snailhouse” post regarding the language.)
My feet are still very much at home in Birkenstocks, and here they cost less!
Yes, I have learned a few things about my preconceptions. And, as it is with most prejudices, I pre-judged based on lack of information. After personal experience with this particular European country, I can truthfully say that Germany has much more to offer than we Americans often realize. For instance,
bakeries with hearty bread and delectable cakes in almost every town
a very varied countryside–carefully preserved (unlike much of the USA’s exploited natural areas; Germany is smaller so they must protect the gifts they have more responsibly than we think we need to in our excess of space from sea to shining sea)
a culturally-rich capitol city (Berlin, we have heard, has more pubs than London, more museums than Paris, and more bridges than Venice! Plus, Berlin has a very low cost of living for a metropolis. Rather inviting, no?)
a satisfying health care system (Sometimes I wonder if we were supposed to move to Germany to avoid becoming bankrupt in the States after my personal series of hospital visits, unusual medical tests, and THREE C-sections! Never a word from our insurance; never an extra penny paid for my treatments! Wunderbar!)
Milka chocolate bars
and more…which will most likely be revealed as I continue to reflect.
Ah, yes…and I have only just begun to explore. The journey continues. I am still here, and the dawn of each new day brings a fresh start, new experiences, new perspectives.
“The true journey of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.”